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The author of the book: U.S. Marine Corps
Edition: USMC
Date of issue: April 9th 2014
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Language: English
Format files: PDF
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INTRODUCTION TO CHAPTER ONE:

Terrorism Defined
Joint Publication (JP) 1-02, Department of Defense Dictionary of
Military and Associated Terms, defines terrorism as “the calculated
use of unlawful violence or threat of unlawful violence to inculcate
fear; intended to coerce or to intimidate governments or societies in
the pursuit of goals that are generally political, religious, or ideological.”
Within this definition are three key elements—violence,
fear, and intimidation. Each element produces terror in its victims.
The policy of the United States is summarized as follows:
l All terrorist acts are criminal and intolerable, whatever their
motivation, and should be condemned.
l The U.S. will support all lawful measures to prevent terrorism
and bring those responsible to justice.
l No concessions will be made to terrorist extortion, because to do
so only invites more terrorist action.
l When Americans are abducted overseas, the U.S. will look to
the host government to exercise its responsibility to protect all
persons within its territories, to include achieving the safe
release of hostages.
l The U.S. will maintain close and continuous contact with the
host government during the incident and will continue to
develop international cooperation to combat terrorism.

Strategy
Terrorism is a criminal act that influences an audience beyond the
immediate victim. The strategy of terrorists is to commit acts of
violence that draw the attention of the local populace, the government,
and the world to their cause. Terrorists plan their attack to
obtain the greatest publicity, choosing targets that symbolize what
they oppose. The effectiveness of the terrorist act lies not in the act
itself, but in the public’s or government’s reaction to the act.

For example, at the 1972 Munich Olympics, the Black September
Organization killed 11 Israelis. The Israelis were the immediate
victims. But the true target was the estimated 1 billion people
watching the televised event. The Black September Organization
used the high visibility of the Olympics to publicize its views on
the plight of the Palestinian refugees.

Similarly, in October 1983, Middle Eastern terrorists bombed the
Marine Battalion Landing Team Headquarters at Beirut International
Airport. Their immediate victims were the 241 U.S. military
personnel who were killed and over 100 others who were
wounded. Their true target was the American people and the U.S.
Congress. Their one act of violence influenced the United States’
decision to withdraw the Marines from Beirut and was therefore
considered a terrorist success.

On 11 September 2001, terrorists skyjacked U.S. commercial
planes and crashed two planes into the World Trade Center in New
York City and one into the Pentagon in Washington D.C. The
terrorist attacks inflicted serious loss of life by destroying the
World Trade Center towers and part of the Pentagon building.
They were designed to strike a blow at the American will and its
in hitting their targets, they galvanized the will of the American
public to take political, financial, and military actions to combat
terrorism.

Perspectives
There are three perspectives of terrorism: the terrorist’s, the victim’s,
and the general public’s.


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Read information about the author

Ebook United States Marine Corps (USMC): The Individual's Guide for Understanding and Surviving Terrorism read Online! The U.S. Marine Corps is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for providing power projection from the sea, using the mobility of the United States Navy to deliver combined-arms task forces rapidly. It is one of seven uniformed services of the United States. In the civilian leadership structure of the United States military, the Marine Corps is a component of the United States Department of the Navy, often working closely with U.S. naval forces for training, transportation, and logistic purposes; however, in the military leadership structure the Marine Corps is a separate branch.


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